# How Much Power Does a Motor Consume? [Chart]

As a rule of thumb, 1 electrical HP = 0.746 kW, so a 1 HP electric motor would consume 0.746 kW per hour with a full load and 100% efficiency. However, the latter seldom happens in real life, so actual electricity consumption can be calculated by using the following formula:

• P (kW) = HP x (0.746/Efficiency) x Load x Time

But if you don’t want to bother doing the calculations, this post is for you.

For your convenience, we at PowerSportsGuide have compiled the most common conversion numbers into one chart!

Contents

## How Much Power Does a Motor Consume?

The power consumption of an electric motor depends on many factors, including:

• Performance
• Efficiency
• Time

There’s no question that the main factor affecting power consumption is engine performance.

The general rule is that 1 electrical HP = 0.746 kW; therefore, a one HP electric motor would (theoretically) consume 0.746 kW per hour.

Why theoretically?

First, each electric engine has its own efficiency factor, which has to be taken into account. And depending on the make and model, the efficiency of those units varies widely.

Are you wondering what the typical efficiency is of an electric motor?

As a rule of thumb, the estimated efficiency of many electric engines falls into the range of 70% – 90%.

This means that a fully loaded 1 HP electric motor would consume anywhere from 0.746/0.7 – 0.746/0.9 kW, which translates to 0.829 – 1.066 kW per hour.

Unfortunately, no hard number can be universally used for efficiency since efficiency varies from one model to the next.

Besides efficiency, the load is no less important.

Let’s face it; electric motors rarely operate at their fully rated load. Instead, they typically run somewhere between 50-99% of their peak performance.

According to Energy.gov, most of these engines are designed to provide their best performance at about 75% of their rated load.

“Most electric motors are designed to run at 50% to 100% of rated load. Maximum efficiency is usually near 75% of rated load. Thus, a 10-horsepower (hp) motor has an acceptable load range of 5 to 10 hp; peak efficiency is at 7.5 hp. A motor’s efficiency tends to decrease dramatically below about 50% load.”

Assume a 1 HP motor operates at 75 % of full load, the input power would be calculated as follows:

P (kW) = 0.746 x 0.75 = 0.56 kW per hour (considering 100% efficiency)

Last but not least, don’t forget that energy = time x power, so the running time of the motor has to also be taken into account.

## Motor Power Consumption Formula

Based on the above, the power consumption formula of electric motors is as follows:

• P (kW) = HP x (0.746/E) x Load x Time

Where:

• P = Input power
• HP = Rated horsepower
• E = Efficiency
• Time = Duration of engine operation in hours

Here are some examples!

Example 1:

• Engine power = 3 HP
• Efficiency = 80%
• Time = 2 hours

P (kW) = 3 x (0.746 / (80/100)) x 0.75 x 2 = 4.196 kW

The power consumption of this 3 HP engine would be 4.196 kW in two hours, considering 80% efficiency and an 75 % load.

Example 2:

• Engine power = 5 HP
• Efficiency = 90%
• Time = 0.5 hours

P (kW) = 5 x (0.746 / (90/100)) x 0.7 x 0.5 = 1.451 kW

The power consumption of this 5 HP engine would be 1.451 kW in half an hour, considering 90% efficiency and a 70 % load.

## Motor Power Consumption Chart

For your convenience, we’ve compiled the most common power consumption figures of electric motors at full load into this chart:

## Takeaways – FAQs About Motor Electricity Consumption

As a takeaway, we’ve answered the most common questions on the topic.

How much power does a 0.25 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 0.25 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 0.25 x 0.746 = 0.1865 kW per hour.

How much power does a 0.5 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 0.5 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 0.5 x 0.746 = 0.373 kW per hour.

How much power does a 1 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 1 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 1 x 0.746 = 0.746 kW per hour.

How much power does a 1.5 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 1.5 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 1.5 x 0.746 = 1.119 kW per hour.

How much power does a 2 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 2 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 2 x 0.746 = 1.492 kW per hour.

How much power does a 3 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 3 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 3 x 0.746 = 2.238 kW per hour.

How much power does a 4 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 4 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 4 x 0.746 = 2.984 kW per hour.

How much power does a 5 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 5 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 5 x 0.746 = 3.730 kW per hour.

How much power does a 6 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 6 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 6 x 0.746 = 4.476 kW per hour.

How much power does a 7 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 7 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 7 x 0.746 = 5.222 kW per hour.

How much power does a 7.5 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 7.5 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 7.5 x 0.746 = 5.595 kW per hour.

How much power does a 8 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 8 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 8 x 0.746 = 5.968 kW per hour.

How much power does a 9 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 9 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 9 x 0.746 = 6.714 kW per hour.

How much power does a 10 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 10 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 10 x 0.746 = 7.460  kW per hour.

How much power does a 20 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 20 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 20 x 0.746 = 14.920  kW per hour.

How much power does a 25 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 25 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 25 x 0.746 = 18.650  kW per hour.

How much power does a 30 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 30 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 30 x 0.746 = 22.380 kW per hour.

How much power does a 35 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 35 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 35 x 0.746 = 26.110 kW per hour.

How much power does a 40 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 40 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 40 x 0.746 = 29.840 kW per hour.

How much power does a 45 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 45 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 45 x 0.746 = 33.570 kW per hour.

How much power does a 50 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 50 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 50 x 0.746 = 37.300 kW per hour.

How much power does a 55 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 55 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 55 x 0.746 = 41.030 kW per hour.

How much power does a 60 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 60 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 60 x 0.746 = 44.760 kW per hour.

How much power does a 65 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 65 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 65 x 0.746 = 48.490 kW per hour.

How much power does a 70 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 70 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 70 x 0.746 = 52.220 kW per hour.

How much power does a 75 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 75 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 75 x 0.746 = 55.950 kW per hour.

How much power does a 80 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 80 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 80 x 0.746 = 59.680 kW per hour.

How much power does a 85 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 85 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 85 x 0.746 = 63.410 kW per hour.

How much power does a 90 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 90 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 90 x 0.746 = 67.140 kW per hour.

How much power does a 95 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 95 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 95 x 0.746 = 70.870 kW per hour.

How much power does a 100 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 100 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 100 x 0.746 = 74.600 kW per hour.

How much power does a 200 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 200 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 200 x 0.746 = 149.20 kW per hour.

How much power does a 300 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 300 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 300 x 0.746 = 223.80 kW per hour.

How much power does a 400 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 400 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 400 x 0.746 = 298.40 kW per hour.

How much power does a 500 HP motor consume?

A fully loaded 500 HP motor at 100% efficiency consumes 500 x 0.746 = 373.00 kW per hour.

Disclaimer: This post is for informational purposes only.

References:

https://www.unitconverters.net/power/hp-to-kw.htm

https://www.calculatorsconversion.com/en/hp-to-kw-calculator-examples-table-formula/